If you are planning to get pregnant, it is important to discuss your health history and lifestyle habits with your doctor. Based on the information, your doctor may perform certain tests to find out any health problems that could harm you or your fetus.
Your doctor may do the following tests:
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV can make it difficult for you to get pregnant. They can also harm you and your infant. HIV can be transmitted from a woman to her infant during pregnancy or delivery. The risk of transmission of HIV can be reduced to less than 2% if certain HIV medications are given during pregnancy.
Rubella (German measles)
Every woman should be vaccinated against rubella before she gets pregnant. Getting rubella while you are pregnant can harm the fetus. Your doctor will perform a blood test to find out whether you are vaccinated against rubella.
Genetic Disorders Test
Based on the health history of you and your partner, your doctor may perform a genetic disorder test (carrier screening test) to find out if you are carrying any abnormal genes that can result in certain diseases to your baby. This test will determine if you are at an increased risk for passing on a genetic disorder, such as cystic fibrosis, Fragile X syndrome, or sickle cell disease to your baby.
Your doctor may perform other tests based on your risk for other problems, such as anemia or hepatitis.